Advantages and Disadvantages of Mammography Screening
Mammography screening is a program with regular intervals done for the purpose of detecting early breast cancer cases so as to reduce the mortality rate due to this cancer and also improve the therapeutic options available while noting that it is also accompanied with some side effects. Currently, mammography screening is the only proved method to meet the needs above. The following paragraphs will discuss on three advantages of Mammography and four of its disadvantages, starting with the advantages.
The first and main advantage of mammography screening is mortality reduction but has a challenge in evaluation because death due to cancer occur during the advanced stages period making it hard to assess for this one type of cancer. Estimated to be over 35%, mortality reduction for women in this program is higher than 15% to 30% of all receiving medical attention, with 70% outside the program. read more now about mammogram near me
The second advantage brought by the early detection due to mammography screening is the increased probability of early treatment since early detection leads to reduced chemotherapy, low number of mastectomies, and improved results from breast conservation
The last advantage is that there is improved quality assurance of the diagnostic chain where promising infrastructure has been put in place so as to optimize the coordination and cooperation of different sections of diagnostic chain due to the cases of detection without subsequent assessments.
The first and most risk disadvantage is that this program exposes the woman to radiation risks and other risks seeing that with the modern methods of mammography and mammography digital techniques offer dosages of 4 mGy per breast, which however declines with age where those beyond 40 years of age have a very minimal risk of dying due to breast cancer.
The second shortcoming of this program is that there is a risk of a false alarm, where, like all medical tests, mammography screening may sense abnormalities which ask for further assessment and still turn out to be benign, yet only few women are recalled to take the screen again meaning that they may take the false alarm with them as the results.
Lastly, there the risk of over diagnosis whereby some additional cancers detected may not have come to affect the person if the screening was not done and detecting them does not reduce death rates and this can be proved by the fact that a screened population of the same composition and age tend to have more breast cancers than the unscreened population with the same composition and age.